TFM Community Resettlement

TFM aims to avoid or reduce economic and physical displacement, but some displacement of local households is unavoidable as new surface deposits are developed in the concession. TFM has established policies and procedures to resettle and/or compensate Project Affected Persons (PAPs) who are displaced. These policies are defined in the Land Access, Compensation and Resettlement Policy Framework (LACRPF). The LACRPF, along with TFM’s other commitments to displaced households and communities, was developed in accordance with DRC law and the International Finance Corporation’s Performance Standard 5 (2012).

TFM follows a multi-step participatory, transparent and equitable process where all Project Affected Households (PAHs) are engaged and fairly compensated to ensure that the living standards of displaced households are improved or at least restored to pre-project conditions. For each new phase of the mine plan that necessitates resettlement, TFM conducts a comprehensive socioeconomic baseline and census, and then prepares a Resettlement Action Plan (RAP). Each of these site-specific RAPs identify all economically and physically impacted households within a clearly identified footprint. These impacts are then mitigated via: (1) cash compensation, (2) replacement of assets, and (3) restoration of livelihoods. Throughout the resettlement process, TFM engages with PAPs via consultation committees established for each resettlement community and through larger community meetings. These meetings provide an opportunity to review the resettlement process, schedule and compensation system, and to address any questions and issues.

The resettlement process linked to the Oxide Project was initiated in 2014 and continued throughout 2015, with a particular focus on the compensation and physical resettlement of the Bloc Mitumba community located near the Fungurume Hills mining area and the town of Fungurume. Based on the Oxide Project ESIA and following the guidelines outlined in TFM’s LACRPF, a site-specific RAP was finalized for the physical and economic displacement of Bloc Mitumba and the adjacent area north of the community. Physical resettlement began in 2014 and continued throughout 2015, with 145 households relocated to new housing in the New Mitumba site south of Tenke.

Assisted self-resettlement (ASR) was introduced in 2014 for those entitled to resettlement housing under the Mitumba-Fungurume Hills RAP. ASR responded to the more urban and highly transitional character of the Mitumba community, and increased the range of choices available to eligible households. Under this option, eligible PAHs can choose their own location for replacement housing. Of the 180 households who selected ASR, 74 moved to privately acquired residences in Fungurume, Lubumbashi, Likasi and Kolwezi in 2015. These households receive direct support throughout the ASR process to ensure that their houses are constructed or acquired and improved to an acceptable standard and with security of tenure. While resettlement at the New Mitumba resettlement site was completed in 2015, ASR will continue into 2016 for the remaining 106 PAHs. The Mitumba-Fungurume Hills RAP impacts a total of 1,248 PAHs, of which 325 are entitled resettlement housing. With an average household size of five, the Mitumba-Fungurume Hills RAP impacts approximately 6,000 individuals.

Diversification of TFM’s livelihood restoration program was advanced in 2015 to respond to the more urban and highly transitional character of the Mitumba community, enabling PAPs to choose between agricultural and non-agricultural livelihood restoration packages. The latter consists of a “starter kit” relevant to each household’s respective skill set and preferred livelihood strategies, including training, cash grants and direct support. Depending on their skills and interests, the starter kits are tailored to jumpstart or enhance livelihood activities such as tailoring, masonry, carpentry or other locally viable businesses. How-to-do-business training, launched by a local NGO partner in 2015 to support PAHs who selected the non-agricultural livelihood restoration packages, includes training on basic entrepreneurial skills such as conducting basic market surveys, drafting business plans, basic bookkeeping, provisioning and stock control. Upon completion of training and business plan approval, they are entitled to a cash grant for the development of their small business. Members of each physically impacted household under the Mitumba-Fungurume Hills RAP were invited to enroll in a basic skills training program. This 12-month training includes basic numeracy and literacy training, as well as basic financial literacy training in household budgeting, and the use of bank accounts and other financial services.

The Resettlement Unit maintains weekly office hours at the Community Liaison Offices in Tenke and Fungurume to respond to queries. Grievances are recorded in the grievance management system managed by the Community Liaison office and assigned for follow-up investigation and response. If a PAP does not agree with TFM’s response to their grievance they have the option to appeal to the Independent Mediation Committee.

Distribution of Contrats de Jouissance, an agreement between TFM and eligible PAHs, continued to ensure security of tenure for physically displaced households. By the end of 2015, 65 percent of those due under the Kwatebala and Tenke Fwaulu RAPs had been delivered, and the remainder were transferred to the Land Office (TFM department that services the mine on land related issues) to manage further issuance. Both the Kwatebala and Tenke-Fwaulu RAPs were formally closed.

Close monitoring of resettled households continues during and after resettlement to monitor program effectiveness and the well-being of resettled households, and the TFM resettlement program undergoes an annual third-party review. The 2015 review noted that the resettlement process was well managed, and was supportive of TFM’s efforts to diversify its livelihood restoration program. The ASR process was noted to be showing initial signs of success, increasing independence among PAHs although requiring significant staffing and management oversight to ensure its effectiveness.